820 Theory and Practical Application of Pump Technology

For whom intended This course is intended for personnel involved in specifying, selecting, purchasing or using pumps. Degreed en­gi­­neers whose primary training is not in this field will benefit, as will technicians, quality as­sur­ance in­spec­tors and manufac­turing engin­eers. Course 820 will also benefit managers and super­visors in charge of these functions.

Brief Description of Course  The course commences by introducing pump types and para­meters, then covers cavitation and hydraulic phenol­mena. Centrifugal pumps are covered in detail, fol­lowed by pump operation and performance curves, pump operation and mechanical issues and pump seals. The instructor addresses bearing problems, lu­bri­cation and failure analysis before moving on to pump imbalance, alignment and coupling.

The presentation then delves into into pump founda­tions and mountings as well as pumpjacks and blowout pre­ven­ters. Avoiding pump seal failure and trouble­shooting are covered before a detailed unit on mainte­nance, including predictive maintenance and manage­ment. The course concludes with thermography, oil analysis and pump materials.

DIPLOMA PROGRAMS This course is required for TTi’s Piping, Valves and Pump Specialist (PV&PS) Di­plo­ma Program. It may be used as an optional course for any TTi specialist diploma program.

RELATED COURSES  TTi is developing a com­plete pipes and valves curriculum, including Course 631, on safety lockout and tagout procedures, Course 651 on Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&ID), Course 652 on piping system layout and design, Course 652 on pipe support design, Course 654 on pipe inspection and maintenance and Course 825 on pump tech­nology.

Prerequisites There are no definite prerequisites. This course is aimed toward individuals actively in­volved in related tech­nical fields.

Text  Each student will receive 180 days access to the on-line electronic course workbook. Renewals and printed textbooks are available for an additional fee.

Course  Hours, Certificate and CEUs On-site courses can vary from 14–35 hours over 2–5 days as re­ques­ted by our clients. Upon suc­cessful course completion, each par­tici­pant re­ceives a certi­ficate of completion and one Con­­tinu­ing Edu­ca­tion Unit (CEU) for every ten class hours.

Click for a printable course outline (pdf).

Course Outline

Chapter 1 - Introduction to Pumps

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • What is a Pump?
  • Pump Types and Terminology
  • Pump Components and Materials
  • Selection and Sizing

Chapter 2 - Pump Types

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Airlift Pumps
  • Centrifugal Pumps: Roto-Jet, Multi-Stage, Single-Stage
  • Positive Displacement Rotating Pumps: vane, gear, scoll/screw, lobe.
  • Positive Displacement Reciprocating Pumps: linear, diaphragm, piston axial, piston radial, piston standard.

Chapter 3 - Pump Parameters

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Head
    • Vertical Lift
    • Friction Loss
    • Velocty and Pressure Head
  • Darcy-Weisbach
  • NPSH: Net Positive Suction Head
  • Calculating Head

Chapter 4 - Practical Applications: Calculating Head

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Chapter 5 - Cavitation

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Erosion
  • Submergence
  • Internal Recirculation
  • Turbulence
  • Increase Suction Head
  • Piping Losses
  • Lower Fluid Temperature and MPSHR

Chapter 6 - Hydraulic Pulses, Vibration and Water Hammer

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Chapter 7 - Centrifugal Pumps

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Components • Centrifugal Pump Theory  • Construction • Operation and Performance • Process aspects: specific gravity, specific speed and viscosity • Fluids, Laminar and Turbulent Flow

Chapter 8 - Pump Operation and Performance Curves

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Pump Affinity Laws • Pump Performance Curves • Pump Curves: Head vs. Flow Rate, Operation and Performance • Operating parameters, RPM

Chapter 9 - Pump Operation and Mechanical Issues

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Parallel Pumping, identical pumps, different pumps
  • Series Pumping
  • Submersible pumps
  • Pump selection
    • Determining Friction Losses  -- Example
    • Determining total Dynamic Head
    • Total Lift

Chapter 10 - Pump Seals

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Conventional Packing
  • Mechanical Seals
    • Single seal, balanced seal,
    • Inside mounted, outside mounted,
    • Rotating, stationary
    • Dual or Double seals
    • Metal bellows, cartridge, split
  • Seal operation; Springs
  • Preventing premature seal failures

Chapter 11 - Pump Bearings: Physical Failure Analysis

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Fatigue failures, corrosion when stationary
  • Journal, rolling element bearings
  • Loss of Internal Clearance
  • Electrical Damage
  • Pad Bearings, examples
    • Load Carrying Capability, Thick or Thin white metal
    • Bearing misalignment, Oil Oxidation Deposits, Thermal Fatigue
    • Arcing, Cavitation, Corrosion

Chapter 12 - Pump Bearing Problems

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Journal Bearings Problems
  • Rolling Element Bearing Faults
  • Bearing Defects Illustrated Using Vibration Analysis
    • Bearing Mounting Defects—Envelope Analysis
    • Displacement Transducers
  • Orbits
  • Ultrasound

Chapter 13 - Bearing Lubrication and Failure Analysis

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Lubricants
  • Hydrodynamic Lubrication
  • Failure Stages
  • Dry, Marked, Spalled Bearings

Chapter 14 - Pump Imbalance, Alignment, Coupling

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Imbalance: amount, type
  • Specifications G6.3, G2.5, G1
  • Alignment: introduction and methods
  • Coupling; Lovejoy Jaw, Magnaloy, Chain, Lovejoy Tire, Falk
  • Effect of poor alignment

Chapter 15 - Pump Foundations and Mountings

Purchase Options
OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Chapter 16 - Pumpjacks and Blowout Preventers

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Chapter 17 - Avoiding Pump Seal Failure

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Installation process problems that cause seal faces to open
  • Avoiding seal failures
  • Possible causes of seal failures
  • Seal repair and repackaging

Chapter 18 - Trouble Shooting Pumps

Purchase Options
OnDemand Short Topics$25.00

Chapter 19 - Pump Maintenance, Planning and Scheduling

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OnDemand Short Topics$25.00
  • Maintenance techniques and strategies
  • Vehicle maintenance analogy: life, reactive, preventative and predictive
  • Maintenance planning schedule
  • Managing planned maintenance
  • Computerized Management System

Introduction to Valves

  • Description
  • Components
  • Characteristics

Valves and Flow Dynamics

  • Control Theory
  • Velocity Profiles
  • Energy
  • Phase Diagrams

Valve Construction and Materials

  • Introduction
  • Standards
  • Leakage Classification

Valve Types

  • Angle
  • Needle
  • Bar Stock Body
  • Pinch
  • Diaphragm
  • Ball Valves
  • Butterfly
  • Plug
  • Air Valve
  • Emergency Shut Down Valves

Valve Trim and Characteristics

  • Seats and Seals
  • Flow Characteristics
  • Profiling
  • Installed Characteristics
  • Cavitation Control

Actuators and Positioners

  • Actuators
  • Flapper-Nozzle Assembly
  • I/P Converters
  • Actuator Types
  • Positioner Types

Globe Valves

  • Description
  • Packing Box And Packing
  • Valve Trim
  • Seat And Retainer
  • Guiding

Gate Valves

  • Description
  • Uses
  • Flow Characteristics And Trim
  • Body And Bonnet
  • Stem Design
  • Specifications
  • Materials Of Construction
  • Wedge Pinch
  • Sliding Gate Valves
  • Repair And Operation

Control Valves (including basics)

  • Description
  • Control Loop
  • Control Valve Selection
  • Control Valve Sizing

Check Valves

  • Attributes
  • Horizontal Lift
  • Vertical Lift
  • Ball
  • Diaphragm
  • Application
  • Repair
  • Selection

Relief Valves

  • Principles
  • Pop Type
  • Direct Operated Type
  • Pilot Operated Type
  • Pilot Operated with Internal Relief Type
  • Selection and Sizing Criteria

Safety Relief Valves

  • Safety Valve History
  • Safety Valves
  • Huddling And Blowdown
  • Pop Type Relief Valves
  • Direct-Operated Relief Valves
  • Pilot-Operated Relief Valves
  • Selection And Sizing Of Relief Valves
  • Terminology
  • Standards
  • Rupture/Burst Disks
  • Downhole Safety Valve

Codes and Standards

  • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code history
  • Individual Volumes, ASME B&PV Code
  • American Petroleum Institute Application Codes
  • Codes and Standards
  • ASME and API Codes for Relief Valves
  • Inspection and Maintenance Codes
  • Testing and Repair

Review and Summary

Award of Certificates

Click for a printable course outline (pdf).